What is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)?
CBT is a psychotherapeutic approach that is used to treat numerous psychological challenges. The treatment can be research-based, short-term, problem-focused, goal-oriented, or structured and active. CBT revolves around the idea that psychological problems can occur from unrealistic and unhelpful patterns that lead to behavioural patterns.
Through therapy, the client will discover, modify, challenge, or replace their irrational and negative thoughts.
Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP)
ERP is the most important strategy in CBT to treat OCD. Exposure is becoming aware and confronting the thoughts, situations, images, and objects that cause your anxiety. While it may seem unhelpful at first because you most likely have tried to confront them numerous times, the second and third parts of the treatment will help reduce your anxiety. Response prevention is to actively stop compulsive behaviour when you come into contact with the thoughts and situations that cause your anxiety. You may have tried to control your behaviour and saw no changes. However, the key is to continuously refrain from compulsive behavior until your anxiety drops. Habituation is when you take note of the situations and fight off the urge to the point where your anxiety levels drop.